Latest Content


10 Things that Can Make a Big Difference in Your Relationship
10 Things that can make a big difference in your relationship

A strong, supportive relationship is built on a couple’s words and actions. With work, children and other responsibilities, sometimes it is easy to take your spouse or partner for granted or forget to...

10 ways to become more resilient

How good are you at coping with adversity? Somehow, life always finds a way to present you with challenges that you didn’t see coming.

Activities for helping children deal with divorce

Going through the process of divorce is a challenging life transition for both parents and children. During their parents’ divorce, children often feel a wide variety of conflicting emotions.

ADHD in Children

When a child has trouble finishing something, gets distracted from a task, can’t sit still or acts without thinking, parents and teachers often correctly perceive it as part of being a kid.

Adult Central Nervous System Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI]

An adult central nervous system tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissues of the brain and/or spinal cord. There are many types of brain and spinal cord tumors. The tumors are for...

Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI]

The non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) are a heterogeneous group of lymphoproliferative malignancies with differing patterns of behavior and responses to treatment.[ 1] Like Hodgkin lymphoma, NHL usually ori...

Anxiety: a common problem of our time

Anxiety is a powerful feeling of fear or dread. People who suffer anxiety often feel like they have lost control over their lives.

Best practices for patient-provider communications

As a caregiver it’s important to understand your loved one’s condition and know their benefits and coverage options. This is easier said than done.

Bladder Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI]

Bladder cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the bladder. The bladder is a hollow organ in the lower part of the abdomen. It is shaped like a small balloon and ...

Breast Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Besides female sex, advancing age is the biggest risk factor for breast cancer. Reproductive factors that increase exposure to endogenous estrogen, such as early menarche and late menopause, increase ...

Breast Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Note: Separate PDQ summaries on Breast Cancer Prevention, Breast Cancer Treatment (Adult), Male Breast Cancer Treatment, and Breast Cancer Treatment During Pregnancy are also available. Mammography is...

Breast Cancer Treatment (Adult) (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI]

This summary discusses primary epithelial breast cancers in women. The breast is rarely affected by other tumors such as lymphomas, sarcomas, or melanomas. Refer to the following PDQ summaries for mor...

Breast Cancer Treatment During Pregnancy (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Incidence Breast cancer is the most common cancer in pregnant and postpartum women and occurs in about 1 in 3,000 pregnant women. The average patient is between the ages of 32 years and 38 years. Beca...

Cancer Pain (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Pain is one of the most common symptoms in cancer patients and often has a negative impact on patients' functional status and quality of life (QOL). The goal of the following summary is to provid...

Cancer Prevention Overview (PDQ®): Prevention - Health Professional Information [NCI]

In 2021, an estimated 1,898,160 people will be diagnosed with cancer in the United States, and an estimated 608,570 people will die of cancer.[ 1] Cancer incidence and mortality help to define the sco...

Cancer Screening Overview (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Purpose of Summary The purpose of this summary is to present an explicit evidence-based approach used in the development of the screening summaries. In reaching conclusions, evidence on the balance of...

Cancer-Related Post-traumatic Stress (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI]

For a number of years, investigators have reported stress- or trauma-related symptoms such as avoidant behaviors, intrusive thoughts, and heightened arousal in survivors of cancer.[ 1, 2, 3, 4] These ...

Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI]

Carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the body but the place the cancer began is not known. Cancer can form in any tissue of the body. The...

Caring for the caregiver

Caring for a loved one is one of life’s highest honors. According to a study at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, most caregivers say they developed a better relationship with the person they...

Cervical Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Note: Separate PDQ summaries on Cervical Cancer Screening and Cervical Cancer Treatment are also available. Who Is at Risk? Carcinogenic types of human papillomavirus (HPV) are the primary, etiologic,...

Cervical Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Note: Separate PDQ summaries on Cervical Cancer Prevention, Cervical Cancer Treatment, and Levels of Evidence for Cancer Screening and Prevention Studies are also available. Screening With the Papanic...

Cervical Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide, and it has the fourth highest mortality rate among cancers in women.[ 1] Most cases of cervical cancer are preventable by routine s...

Childhood Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors Treatment Overview (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional In...

Primary brain tumors are a diverse group of diseases that together constitute the most common solid tumor of childhood. The Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS) estimates that ap...

Childhood Brain Stem Glioma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Primary brain tumors, including brain stem gliomas, are a diverse group of diseases that together constitute the most common solid tumor of childhood. Immunohistochemical analysis, cytogenetic and mol...

Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Continual improvements in survival have been achieved for children and adolescents with cancer.[ 1] Between 1975 and 2010, childhood cancer mortality decreased by more than 50%.[ 1] For rhabdomyosarco...

Children and grief from a developmental perspective
Children and grief from a developmental perspective

In the past, children were thought to be miniature adults and were expected to behave as adults. It is now understood that there are differences in the ways in which children and adults mourn.

Children with special needs

It's likely your search for quality child care may be challenging under the best of circumstances, but if you have children with special needs, the difficulty increases substantially.

Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Cancer of the colon is a highly treatable and often curable disease when localized to the bowel. Surgery is the primary form of treatment and results in cure in approximately 50% of the patients. Recu...

Colorectal Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Health Professional Information [NCI]

For the great majority of people, the major factor that increases a person's risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) is increasing age. Risk increases dramatically after age 50 years; 90% of all CRCs ar...

Colorectal Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Note: Separate PDQ summaries on Colorectal Cancer Prevention; Colon Cancer Treatment; and Rectal Cancer Treatment are also available. Evidence of Benefit Associated With Colorectal Cancer Screening Ba...

Dealing with the death of a co-worker

The death of a co-worker can be devastating, especially if it is unexpected. Emotions can range from denial and shock to disbelief and fear. Read these helpful tips to cope during this difficult time.

Death of a parent

When a child's parent has died, it feels like the worst possible thing that could happen has happened. Shock, disbelief, anger, sadness and guilt are just a few of the things she may be feeling, and w...

Delirium (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Delirium is a neuropsychiatric complication that can occur in patients with cancer, particularly in those with advanced disease. The prevention of delirium in the patient with cancer has not been syst...

Depression (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Depression is a comorbid disabling syndrome that affects approximately 15% to 25% of cancer patients.[ 1, 2, 3, 4] Depression is believed to affect men and women with cancer equally, and gender-relate...

Eating disorders: anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating

An eating disorder is an illness that causes serious disturbances to your everyday diet, such as eating extremely small amounts of food or severely overeating.

Esophageal Cancer Treatment (Adult) (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Two histologic types account for the majority of malignant esophageal neoplasms: adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Adenocarcinomas typically start in the lower esophagus, and squamous cell c...

Ethics at Work

Ethical choices can arise in any situation, at home or on the job. At work, ethical behavior isn't just a good idea. It's also good business, and often it's even the law.

Explaining divorce to children

Children are aware of the emotional climate in their homes, sensing if there is sadness and discontent. Nothing is more distressing to youngsters than a change they do not understand.

Fatigue (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a cancer-related or cancer treatment–related, distressing, persistent, subjective sense of physical, emotional, and/or cognitive tiredness or exhaustion that is not pro...

Finding and choosing respite care services

Caring for someone you love can bring you closer, teach you to deal with difficult situations and even make you more confident about your abilities.

Five ways to be a better advocate for special needs child

If your child has a disability, then chances are your most heartfelt desire is to be the best advocate you can for that child.

Gain balance through mindfulness

The rigors of our many workday hours and daily commutes, plus responsibilities at home, can often feel overwhelming. Stress from multiple directions usually makes life seem unbalanced.

Gastrointestinal Complications (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Gastrointestinal complications (constipation, impaction, bowel obstruction, diarrhea, and radiation enteritis) are common problems for oncology patients. The growth and spread of cancer, as well as it...

Gestational Trophoblastic Disease Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI]

Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a group of rare diseases in which abnormal trophoblast cells grow inside the uterus after conception. In gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD), a tumor dev...

Handling Your Job Loss

While some people may see a job loss as a challenge which opens up new opportunities, most associate job loss with strong negative emotions.

Healing after suicide

Many people who die by suicide leave loved ones behind who suffer from a range of painful emotions.

Healthy vs. unhealthy relationships

No relationship is perfect, but a healthy relationship should bring more happiness than stress into your life. Based on mutual trust, respect, and honesty, a healthy relationship can boost mental and ...

Helping children cope with death

Sadness, fear, anger and confusion. The death of a loved one brings a whole range of feelings. Children may have many of the same feelings as adults. Yet, their understanding of death is different.

Helping children learn resilience

One of the most common wishes parents have is that their children will learn the coping skills necessary to take care of themselves amidst the many storms that will confront them in life.

Hot Flashes and Night Sweats (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI]

Hot flashes and night sweats are common in cancer survivors, particularly women, but they can also occur in men. Pathophysiologic mechanisms are complex. Treatment options are broad-based and include ...